The gap between the current supply of meat and its predicted future demand is widening, increasing the need to produce plant-based meat analogs. Despite ongoing technical developments, one of the unresolved challenges of plant-based meat analogs is to safely and effectively decolor plant proteins that originally exhibit yellow–brown or strong brown color.
This study aimed to develop an effective and safe decoloring system for soy-based protein products using food-grade hydrogen peroxide and catalase. First, soy-based protein isolate (PI) and textured vegetable protein (TVP) were treated with hydrogen peroxide, and then the residual hydrogen peroxide was degraded using catalase. This process caused notable decolorization of PI and TVP, and residual hydrogen peroxide was not detected in these products.
These findings indicate that this process could safely and effectively decolorize soy-based proteins. Interestingly, this decoloring process enhanced the solubility, water- and oil-holding capacities, foaming capacity, and emulsifying stability of decolored soy-based PI. Additionally, cooking loss and juiciness of decolored TVP-based foods were improved compared to those of non-treated foods. These findings indicate that the decoloring process also enhances the physical properties of soy-based protein products.
** Click here to read the full article**